FOOD

Dog nutrition

a good diet meets de following requirements: it has to be

- to be tasty

- are easy to digest without too many problems

- contain all the necessary nutrients (40) and in the correct proportions for the breed
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- do not contain any toxic or other health-threatening substances

Dogs have certain preferences when it comes to food wich is different from dog to dog.Diet should consist of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and trace elements, crude fiber and water. A complete food consists of all these components, in the correct proportions. If you add anything or mix two different types of food together, the ratio will be off and the dog could get into trouble. You can get complete feeds in the form of fresh meat food (frozen meals), dry food, dinners, canned food. The composition of most feeds can be considered good to reasonably good. The better feeds do not contain odor, color, taste or harmful preservatives.

The following foods contain substances that the dog cannot tolerate: raw sweetwater-fish, chocolate, raw or soft-boiled egg. So do not give these things to your dog. Futhermore, no pork and preferably no raw liver.
Never feed the dog only meat ( see required nutrients ). There are also complete food with meat on the market.
You could also for example, feed complete dry food and have a meat day once a week. Feed your puppy always special puppyfood, preferably spread over 3 or 4 meals a day. Ask the breeder of your dog about his or her experiences with the food he or her considers most suitable for your puppy. If the dog is 5 to 6 monyhs old, you can feed him twice a day even when is a adult.
make sure the dog has fresh drinking water available.

Finally, a good (usually more expensive food) prevent many problems in the rest of your dogs life. one sould never cut back on food for the dog.....

The dog is generally too fat if you cannot feel its ribs and too thin if you can see its ribs.


Water

Under normal circumstances the dog only drinks during the day, only when there is an increased need for water will it also drink at night. Dogs can adapt theirnwater needs more easily to the water content of the food than cats can do.
Even with a quick change between anned or dry food dogs are still able to quickly recover from a shortage of water.
Deficiencies of up to 8% can be restored in one go by drinking.

The dog's daily water requirement is 50 to 60 ml p kilograms of body weight. A 40 kilo dog will therefor have a water requirement of 2 to 2,4 liters a day. This is approximately 2,5 to 3 times the amount of dry food consumed a day.

Factors that influence water requirements.:

-Nutricion: The water requirement increases slightly with the number of meals per day and of course depend on the type of food.     With dry food the dog will drink more than when you feed fresh food.

-Illness: Physical conditions that cause fluid loss also lead to an increased need for water. Consider diarrhea, vomiting, blood loss,     kidney disease, diabetes.

-Temperature: Dogs are hardly able to sweat and therefore have difficulty coping with temperature increases. To cool down they   pant during wich water evaporates from the surface of there tongue.

-Exersise: The dog's water requirement increases sharply with exertion, partly as a result of panting. The water requirement increases by a factor of 2 for short distances ( 1 to 25 km per day). At greater distances the requirement even increases by a factor of 3.

So make sure that your dog has sufficient fresh drinking water available at all times. Let the dog drink small amounts regularly when he is making an effort. ( e.g. cycling). Take this with you if necessary. If the dog has to stay in the car make sure it has water available.